European fathers is now entitled to 2-month paternity leave. The European Parliament has adopted new rules on paternity leave and non-transferable parental leave, in a final vote for work-life balance.
The agreement includes:
- A minimum of ten working days paternity leave paid at the level of sick pay
- Two months of non-transferable paid parental leave
- Five days of annual carer’s leave
- Flexible working patterns, including remote working
The law, informally agreed with EU ministers, and adopted by MEPs with 490 in favour, 82 against and 48 abstentions, sets minimum requirements for all member states, in a bid to boost women’s representation in the workplace and strengthen the role of a father or an equivalent second parent in the family. This would benefit children and family life, whilst reflecting societal changes more accurately, and promoting gender equality.
- The right to at least 10 working days of paid paternity leave for fathers and equivalent second parents (where recognised by national law) has been granted around the time of birth or stillbirth and paid at not less than the level of sick pay.
- MEPs also added two months of non-transferable and paid parental leave. This leave should be an individual right, creating the appropriate conditions for a more balanced distribution of caring responsibilities within the family.
- Member states will set an adequate level of payment or allowance for the minimum non-transferable period of parental leave, taking into account that the take-up of parental leave often results in a loss of income for the family and a higher-paid family member (who is often a man) should be able to make use of this right.
- Member states must offer 5 days per year of carer’s leave for workers providing personal care to a relative or a person living in the same household and with a serious medical condition or age-related impairment.
Working parents and carers would be able to request an adjustment to their working patterns including, where feasible, through remote working or flexible schedules. When considering flexible working requests, employers may take into account not only their own resources and operational capacity, but also the specific needs of a parent of children with a disability and long-term illness and those of single parents.
Rapporteur David Casa (EPP, MT) said “This directive invests in bringing about more gender equality and a better division of responsibilities. Women have suffered from lack of equality leading to difference in salaries and a pension gap. Now they will be supported to enter the labour market and reach their full potential, while fathers will have a bigger role in their children’s upbringing. This directive benefits also family members taking care of an older generation. It is good for men, women, families and the economy.”
The directive enters into force on the twentieth day following its publication in the EU Official Journal. Member states will have to comply with the rules within three years.